Thursday, November 24, 2011

When Did The Thanksgiving Day Holiday Begin and Who Was Sarah Josepha Hale?

We all know the Thanksgiving story when the Pilgrims landed the Mayflower on Plymouth Rock. But when was the actual legal holiday established? 


Right in the middle of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln took the time to proclaim Thanksgiving a national holiday. 

But little is known of who really was behind influencing Lincoln and the government to make Thanksgiving a holiday.

Sarah Joespha Hale

Little is known of the women who petitioned Lincoln and the four previous presidents to establish the holiday. Her name was Sarah Josepha Hale and she is credited as the individual most responsible for making Thanksgiving a national holiday in the United States; it had previously been celebrated only in New England. 


Each state scheduled its own holiday, some as early as October and others as late as January; it was largely unknown in the American South. Her advocacy for the national holiday began in 1846 and lasted 17 years before it was successful. In support of the proposed national holiday, she wrote letters to five Presidents of the United States -- Zachary Taylor, Millard Filmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, and Abraham Lincoln. 

Her initial letters failed to persuade, but the letter she wrote to Lincoln did convince him to support legislation establishing a national holiday of Thanksgiving in 1863. 

The new national holiday was considered a unifying day after the stress of the American Civil War. Prior to the addition of Thanksgiving, the only national holidays celebrated in the United States were Washington's Birthday and Independence Day.

Lincoln's Proclamation Establishing Thanksgiving Day:

The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they come, others have been added, which are of so extraordinary a nature, that they cannot fail to penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the ever watchful providence of Almighty God. In the midst of a civil war of unequalled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union. Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defence, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle, or the ship; the axe had enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore. Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battle-field; and the country, rejoicing in the consciousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years, with large increase of freedom. 
No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. 
It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and voice by the whole American people. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquillity and Union. 
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. 
Done at the city of Washington, this third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-eighth. 
A. Lincoln

So when you are sitting down to have your Thanksgiving dinner give thanks also for Sarah Josepha Hale, for all her perseverance and hard work in making our national holiday a permanent part of our culture and history.



3 comments:

  1. Thanks for this post but could you please also tell me tips about less expenditure Black Fridays.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Very effective article. Thanks for sharing nice concept.free government cell phones

    ReplyDelete
  3. thanks for this amazing article about black friday Free Credit Score

    ReplyDelete

Join 1000's of People Following 50 Plus Finance
Real Time Web Analytics