Thursday, October 20, 2022

4 Common Types of Insurance and How They Work

Insurance is something you don't necessarily have to pay for, but you will be very glad you did when you need it. The highs and lows of life both come as surprises and making sure you're prepared for them is one of the keys to a good, long life.

Some insurance options are more immediately important than others, so it's a good idea to review the most common ones.

Auto Insurance

There are only two states where car insurance is not mandated by law for drivers. That means you'll need it, but what exactly gets covered?

  • Liability Insurance covers any injuries, damage to property, or legal defense if you're found to be at fault
  • Underinsured Driver Insurance comes in handy if someone with an illegally low level of coverage causes an accident with you
  • Collision Insurance repairs your vehicle after a collision, or makes a replacement if repair is impossible

Home Insurance

There are no state laws requiring homeowner's insurance. That being said, if you finance your home, there's a good chance your lender will insist on you purchasing insurance so that their interests are protected. 

Without this insurance, you are responsible for any damage your home incurs from fires, floods, molds, or other instances.

Medicare Insurance

Medicare is a country-wide government-controlled health insurance program. It covers people 65 years of age or older, as well as some exceptions, like the disabled. 

In general, Medicare insurance helps cover the costs of hospital stays, medical bills, and prescription drugs. Be sure to check with your state marketplace site to find out your eligibility.

Life Insurance

This one is especially important if people depend financially on you. If the primary earner in your home passed away, would those that remain face financial hardship? The aim of life insurance is to prevent that.

Life insurance can be divided into two categories:

1. Term coverage locks your rate in for a certain time - 5 years, 10 years, etc. Once the policy ends, you can renew it, although the rates will probably start out higher than before.

2. Permanent coverage, as the name implies, extends throughout your life. Alongside the benefit delivered after passing, there's a cash value figure involved. As the value grows, you can take money out via a withdrawal or a loan. You can obtain the entire cash value if you end the policy but be prepared for charges and fees.

Figuring out what insurance you need and which plans to go with can overwhelm you. Fortunately, insurance brokers can come in handy by helping you make a more informed decision before you start spending money.

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